Author(s): Immanuel Kant
Immanuel Kant's groundbreaking work, considered one of the most influential books in the history of philosophy, exploring the limits of human knowledge and understanding of metaphysics. Kant responds to the notions of the empiricists (such as John Locke and David Hume) and the rationalists (such as Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, Christian Wolff, and Ren Descartes). In the process, Kant distinguishes between analytical judgments and synthetic judgments in his exploration of a priori knowledge. Kant develops a system of transcendental idealism, building off of George Berkeley's system of idealism.